Shinkō Kinema

Shinkō Kinema 新興 キ ネ マ? ) Is a Japanese film production company active in the 1930s .

Historical context

The Shinkō was founded in September 1931 from the remains of Teikoku Kinema studios with the help of Shōchiku 1 capital . Historian Jun’ichirō Tanaka writes that the studio was part of Shōchiku’s efforts to monopolize the Japanese film industry, using Shinkō to control some of the independent production companies by distributing their films, and attracting rebel talent. who were leaving rivals like Nikkatsu or Fuji Eiga 2 . And in fact, the Shinkō has distributed the films of jidaigeki stars like Tsumasaburō Bandō and Kanjūrō ​​Arashi or gendaigeki such as Takako Irie. For a period, directors such as Kenji Mizoguchi , Tomu Uchida , Minoru Murata , Shigeyoshi Suzuki and Yutaka Abe , as well as stars like Tokihiko Okada , Isamu Kosugi , Eiji Nakano, Fumiko Yamaji and Mitsuko Mori will have made films 2 . Masaichi Nagata became studio director at one point 3 . Its main offices are located at Hatchōbori in Tokyo 3 and its studios in Uzumasa in Kyoto and Ōizumi (nowadays in Nerima ) in Tokyo.

Fusion

The Shinkō, however, can not retain all these talents and remains a second-rate studio. In January 1942, as part of the government-led reorganization of the industry, it was merged with Daito Eiga and the Nikkatsu production arm to form the Dai Nihon Eiga Seisaku Kabushiki Kaisha (literally “Société Anonyme Cinématographique du Grand Japan “) which will later become the Daiei 4 .

Toei’s Tokyo and Kyoto studios are now located on the sites of the former Shinkō studios 5 , 6 .

Films produced (selection)

  • 1932  : Tokai no hatoba by Shigeo Tanaka
  • 1932  : Dawn of the foundation of a state: Manchuria-Mongolia ( Manmo kenkoku no reimei ) by Kenji Mizoguchi
  • 1932  : Tengu kaijō: Zenpen of Sadao Yamanaka
  • 1933  : The Feast at Gion (祇 園 祭, Gion matsuri ) by Kenji Mizoguchi
  • 1933  : The white thread of the waterfall (瀧 の 白 糸, Taki no shiraito ) by Kenji Mizoguchi
  • 1934  : The Jinpu Group or kamikaze group (神 風 連, Jinpu-ren ) by Kenji Mizoguchi
  • 1935  : Hakugin no ōza – Zempen by Tomu Uchida
  • 1935  : Hakugin no ōza – Kōhen by Tomu Uchida
  • 1936  : Sakura no sono by Minoru Murata
  • 1937  : The impasse of love and hate (愛 怨 峡, Aien kyo ) by Kenji Mizoguchi
  • 1938  : Kengō Araki Mataemon of Daisuke Itō
  • 1938  : The Song of the Barracks (露 営 の 歌, Roei no Uta ) by Kenji Mizoguchi
  • 1938  : Ah! The Homeland (あ ゝ 故 郷, Aa kokyo ) by Kenji Mizoguchi

Related article

  • Japanese cinema

Notes and references

  1. ↑ ( in ) Joseph L. Anderson , Donald Richie , The Japanese Film: Art and Industry , Princeton University Press,, 79-80  p.
  2. ↑ a and b in ) Tanaka Jun’ichirō , Nihon eiga hattatsushi , Chūō Kōron,, flight. 2: 176-186  p.
  3. ↑ a and b Hatchōbori shūhen: Rekishi annai , Chūō-ku Kyōdoshi Dōkōkai
  4. ↑ Tadao Sato , Japanese Cinema (Volume I) , Editions du Center Pompidou,, 264  p. ( ISBN  2-85850-919-0 ) , p.  223
  5. ↑ ”  Satsueijo gaiyō  ”  [ archive ] , Tōei Kyōto Satsueijo (accessed May 16, 2011 )
  6. ↑ ”  Tōei Kabushiki Kaisha Tokyō Satsueijo Dejitaru Sentā-tō shunkōshiki  ”  [ archive ] , Nerima-ku (accessed May 16, 2011 )
icff

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *