The exit of the Lumière factory in Lyon

The Exit of the Lumière factory in Lyon is a French film directed by Louis Lumière , released in 1895 , which exists in at least three recognized versions, and is one of the 10 films shown at the Salon du Grand Café from.

This book, described not without humor by the film historian Georges Sadoul, as “almost a publicity tape ” 1 has long been considered – and still is – by film historians as having been the first film . Also, the commemoration of the Centenary of the Cinema was organized in France in March 1995 . This dating can be found as much in the Larousse Encyclopedia as in the writings of Michel Faucheux 2 , or in the monumental work of the American historian Charles Musser 3 . But other historians give priority to the year 1891, date of the appearance of the first films produced by Thomas Edison , made by his electrical engineer William Kennedy Laurie Dickson . Georges Sadoul notes that “Dickson’s tapes are, strictly speaking, the first films” 4 , and Laurent Mannoni, chief curator of the Cinémathèque française , states that “between 1891 and 1895, Edison made some sixty- ten films » 5 , while Marie-France Briselance and Jean-Claude Morin do not hesitate to describe the primacy of La Sortie as a chauvinistic lie in most of the film’s stories and recall that the heart of cinema and any audiovisual work is what Edison first named a movie . These authors nonetheless highlight the historical importance of this Exit from the Lumière factory and the fundamental aesthetic contribution of Louis Lumière in the process of creating “animated photographic views” , the word that the Lumière brothers use to designate their impressed reels 6 .

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Scenes of the Klondike Gold Rush

Gold Rush Scenes in the Klondike is an American film directed by Thomas Crahan & Robert K. Bonine , released in 1899 .

This film innovates in the usual course of a “documentary” film (this documentary appellation only appears from 1915) by putting several plans end to end .

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Sandow (movie, 1894)

Sandow , also known as The Souvenir Strip of the Edison Kinetoscope and also Sandow, the modern Hercules is an American film directed by William Kennedy Laurie Dickson, released in 1894 .


Eugen Sandow , whose real name is Friedrich Wilhelm Mueller, only wearing a little underpants (a daring outfit at that time) is showing off and stretching his muscles, face, profile, back.

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Dream of a fondue fondue

Dream of a fondue fondue ( Dream of a Rarebit Fiend ) is an American film directed by Edwin S. Porter and Wallace McCutcheon , released in 1906 1 .

This is the film adaptation and within seven minutes of the comics of Winsor McCay . The film’s advertisement featured ” special effects never before seen or attempted” 2 .

In 2015, the Library of Congress (Library of Congress) of Washington has selected this film to benefit from a complete restoration, because “of its cultural, historical and aesthetic. » 3

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Princess Ali (movie, 1895)

Princess Ali ( Princess Ali ), sometimes named Princess Ali of Cairo , is an American film directed by William Kennedy Laurie Dickson , released in 1895 .

Synopsis or Argument

On the shelf of the first film studio , built by Thomas Edison in Orange, in New Jersey , Laurie Dickson, the first director of movies , records with Kinetograph a short performance of ” belly dancer ” Princess Ali, Member of the troupe of Barnum & Bailey Circus , accompanied by a bendir drummer and a Zorna blower in traditional Berberclothes (Amazigh).

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The Place des Cordeliers in Lyon

The Place des Cordeliers in Lyon is a French filmdirected by Louis Lumière , released in 1895 . This “animated photographic view”, as well as Louis Lumiere’s impressed film reels, is one of the 10 films shown at the Salon du Grand Café from.


The famous Place des Cordeliers in Lyon , its cars, pedestrians.

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Part of discarded

Part of apart is one of the first films made by Louis Lumière, released in 1896 .


Sitting at a garden table, two men (the conjurer Félicien Trewey , friend of the Lumière brothers) before a third man, are a part of spread , a deck of cards (32 cards) fashionable in the xix th century. A server eyeing the game, voluble and enthusiastic. He applauds the winner who, against all odds, is not the professional card handler. The three men clink to their friendship.

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Monkeyshines, No. 1

Monkeyshines, No. 1 (followed by Monkeyshines, No. 2 and Monkeyshines, No. 3 ) is an American film essay, made by William KL Dickson and William Heise for Thomas Edison’s labs, in1889 or 1890 .

These tests are recorded from the horizontal cylinder Kinetic , an archaic version of the first film camera . It is an adaptation of the cylinder phonograph invented Thomas Edison. On a glass cylinder, rotating on its axis, a type of recorder chronophotography : objective and movable disk obturator takes frames following each other in the manner of the groove of the gramophone spiral on a supine photosensitive emulsion on the cylinder. After the shooting, the negative on its glass support is immersed in the development products (developer and fixer). A drawcontact- type pull is done, which gives a positive photographic sheet. This one is cut and assembled in a long ribbon where appear the various positions of the target personage. This tape can be examined frame by frame but can not be seen in motion or projected (opaque and fragile paper, and lack of the appropriate machine). The results are disappointing for the Edison team. The invention of the flexible, transparent and resistant film will make it possible to direct the research towards another process, and to succeed to record the first film of the cinema: Dickson Greeting , where one can contemplate the character and his precise gestures.

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The devil’s mansion

The Manor of the Devil is a short French fantasy film, written and directed in 1896 by Georges Méliès .


The scene is in a castle. A giant bat arrives and turns into Mephistopheles. This one shows a big cauldron and a hunchback monster. From this cauldron, he brings up a woman and all kinds of demonic creatures. Then Mephistopheles intends to come and make everything disappear, including him. Two men (probably explorers) arrive in the room and begin to talk. The hunchbacked monster appears, holding a fork. He is invisible to them and plays tricks on them. One of the men gets scared and runs away. The other tries to sit, but his seat moves to the other side of the room. He tries again, and again, in vain, and this time, a skeleton appears on the seat. The man strikes him with his sword, the skeleton turns into a bat. He grabs himself but she becomes …

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Grandma’s Loupe

Magnifier Grandma ( Grandma’s Reading Glass ), also entitled The Granny reading glasses , is a British film directed by George Albert Smith in 1900 .

In this film, George Albert Smith uses for the first time in the cinema the technical division in several planes to describe the same action, including a succession of close-ups , which are, another important discovery, the first subjective shots of the history of cinema .

George Albert Smith is part of the Brighton School, which forms the basis of much of the language of film.

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Let me dream again

Let me dream again ( Let Me Dream Again ) is a British film directed by George Albert Smith , released in 1900 .


Dream disenchanted: An old man is having a good time sitting next to a younger woman. Then the image becomes blurred and the old man wakes up next to his old woman who smudges under the caresses of her husband, addressed to the woman of his dream. The disappointed husband and the scandalized woman turn their backs to sleep again.

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The Kiss (movie, 1896)

The Kiss ( Le Baiser ) is an American film directed by William Heise , released in 1896 .

It is considered the first representation of a kiss in the cinema. The scandal was enormous, the censored film and the leagues of virtue took advantage, on the other side of the Atlantic, to impose a first draft of a moral code for filmmakers and producers 1 . The Union of Christian Women for Temperance launched a national campaign against the kiss on the mouth, deeming it degrading and unhygienic 2 .

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Man with a rubber head

The Man with the rubber head is a French film directed by Georges Méliès , released in 1901 .


In a laboratory, a man in a white coat sets a cut-off head on a table that looks like his own like two drops of water. Connecting it to a rubber hose, itself connected to a bellows, in a few strokes, it inflates and deflate. He calls his assistant to handle the inflatable head; it makes it swell so much that in the end it explodes.

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History of a crime (movie, 1901)

History of a Crime (sometimes called The Story of a Crime 1 ) is a French film directed by Ferdinand Zecca , released in 1901 .


Entering the night in a bank, a burglar stabs the cashier-guardian. He is arrested in the company of courtesans as he squanders the stolen money. At the morgue, in front of the corpse of the cashier, he falls on his knees and asks for forgiveness. In his cell, he sleeps on a bedstead and three important memories of his life appear successively on the wall: 1 / Still child, his mother accompanies him in the paternal carpentry where his father embraces him affectionately. 2 / Teenager, apprentice, he takes a seat at the family table after kissing his parents. 3 / Adult, he loses his salary in a café by playing cards with a cheater. Furious at his luck, he sees a man come in ordering a liquor, showing off to pay for a well stocked purse. The future assassin follows suit when he leaves. The flashback fades on the wall. The door of the cell then opens, leaving a priest and five men in frock-coat, looking stern, waking the prisoner and going out with him. He is tied up, his hair shaved on his neck, his shirt open, exhorted by the priest who brandishes a crucifix. Taken to a courtyard where the woods of the guillotine stand, he is executed2 .

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Faneurs is a French filmdirected by Louis Lumière , released in 1897 . “Louis Lumière knew instinctively that the most logical and elegant way of filming a moving vehicle, or a galloping horse, or a regiment of proud soldiers marching past, or a team of tedders handling the rake, was to cautiously stand on the side and frame the three-quarter subject, inscribing its displacement in a “vanishing line” 1 , which is called the diagonal of the field .

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The Sneeze of Fred Ott

The Sneezing Fred Ott ( Edison Kinetoscopic Record of a Sneeze or Fred Ott’s Sneeze ) is a film American directed in 1894 by William KL Dickson , with Fred Ott .

Produced by the Edison Manufacturing Company (also named in 1890: Studios Edison ), under the direction of William KL Dickson , the first director in history and one of the great pioneers of cinema , the film was shot in inside the Black Maria at Orange in New Jersey , who was the first movie studio to be built.

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Retracting a lady at the Robert-Houdin theater

Retreating a lady at the Robert-Houdin theater , made in 1896 by Georges Méliès , is the first film in the history of French cinema using special effects . This film is a transposition of the most famous illusion buatier de kolta called The Vanishing Lady ( La Femme evanescent ), the most imitated scene feat in the years 1880 1 . It was shot in the very premises of the Robert-Houdin theater, owned by Méliès.

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The landing of the photography congress in Lyon

The landing of the congress of photography in Lyon is a French filmdirected by Louis Lumière on June 11, 1895 in Neuville-sur-Saone , during the debarkation of the delegates, released in 1895 . This “animated photographic view”, as well as the Lumière brothers named their bobineaux, is one of the 10 films shown at the Salon Salon du Grand Café from.

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What we see in a telescope

What we see in a telescope is a British film by George Albert Smith , made in 1900 .

In this movie, George Albert Smith makes the first attempt to use a close-up inside a larger shot (half-way shot) to explain what a voyeur spies. A process of shooting and editing that he takes again the same year in a fundamental film of the history of the language of the cinema: The magnifying glass of grandma .

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Carmencita (movie)

Carmencita is an American film , directed by William Kennedy Laurie Dickson, released in 1894.


The dancer Carmencita , twirling, performs traditional fandango figures .

Technical sheet

    • Original title: Carmencita
    • Director: William KL Dickson
    • Image: William Heise
    • Duration: 29 s
    • Genre: Music hall
    • Format: 35 mm double set of four rectangular side perforations Edison by frame, black and white, silent
    • Production: Edison Manufacturing Company
    • Release date: 1894

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Bucking Broncho (movie, 1894)

Bucking Broncho is an American film directed by William Kennedy Laurie Dickson , released in 1894 . Bucking means: making leaps of sheep. Mexicans call Broncho the untamed horses.

This film is one of the first shots with the first vertical kinetic film camera, the kinetograph , 35 mm wide, two pairs of four perforations per frame 1 , designed by Dickson and William Heise from Thomas’s sketches Edison and prototype in which the film of 19 mm wide horizontal linear scrolling, six perforations at the bottom of the frame, with circular images, 12 mm in diameter, last souvenir of optical toys .

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Blacksmith Scene

Blacksmith Scene (also known as the Blacksmith Scene # 1 and Blacksmithing Scene ) is a silent film American of less than a minute, directed by William Kennedy Dickson in1893 .

This film (the English word film is used for the first time in the modern sense by Thomas Edison), shot with the Kinetographe , the first camera in the history of cinema, is one of the first films publicly presented thanks to the Kinétoscope , machine individual viewing by eyecup. In 1995 , he was added to the US National Film Registry’s list of official repairs and preservation of historically important films by the Library of Congress in Washington .

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Barber Shop

Barber Shop is an American film directed by William Kennedy Laurie Dickson , released in 1894.

This film is a first shot with the first camera cinema vertical linear scrolling, Kinetograph , size 35 mm wide, with two pairs of four perforations per frame , designed by Dickson from sketches Edison and the first model that unrolled the film 19 mm wide, six perforations at the bottom of the frame, scrolling horizontally.

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Before 1895 at the cinema


    • 1830 : The British Michael Faraday invents the Faraday wheel which highlights the retinal persistence .
    • 1831 : In his footsteps, the Belgian Joseph Antoine Ferdinand Plateau invents the phenakistiscope to demonstrate the importance of retinal persistence in the perception of movement.
    • 1834 : The British William George Horner invents the zootrope (or magic drum ), an optical toy that uses drawings to recompose a movement of a second.

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Around a cabin

Around a cabin is a cartoon directed by Émile Reynaud , released in 1894 . This footage uses the process of optical theater , allowing Reynaud to project a film painted by hand in color while the Cinematograph of the Lumière brothers did not exist yet. The screenings are accompanied on the piano by music specially written by the composerGaston Paulin . Silver rods placed on the flexible belt at key moments actuate a buzzer which, using an electromagnet , produces, for example, the noise of the cabin door.

This film is part of the second program of Luminous Pantomimes, which screenings took place at the Musée Grévin’s Cabinet Fantastique , from December 1894 to March 1900 1 .

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Attack on a mission in China

Attack on a mission in China is a British film directed by James Williamson , released in 1900 .

In this film, James Williamson uses for the first time in the cinema the field-counter-field language process . James Williamson is part of the Brighton School .

“In 1900 , George Albert Smith was still with James Williamson at the forefront of film art 1

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Sprinkler watered

The sprinkler watered 1 , initially entitled The Gardener and the little mischievous then Sprinkler and watered , is a film directed by Louis Lumière . It is shown for the first time on September 21, 1895 , in La Ciotat , during a private screening, and then put on the screen paid screenings organized by the Lumière brothers in Paris in the Salon Indian Grand Cafe Boulevard des Capucines, from December 28, 1895 , first historical projection of animated photographic films.

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Arrival of a train in La Ciotat station

The arrival of a train at La Ciotat station , or The Arrival of a train at La Ciotat , is aFrench film directed by Louis Lumière in 1895 , released in.

Contrary to popular belief, the film is not in the program of the 10 films composing the projection of , in the Indian Salon of the Grand Café , Place de l’Opéra in Paris 1 . On the other hand, it has often been said that the first viewers to see the film were frightened by the arrival of the train on the screen and even fled the room, but this claim is now considered part of the true myth that represents this film.

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Annie Oakley shooting at the Winchester

Annie Oakley, shooting at the Winchester ( Annie Oakley shooting glass balls ) is anAmerican film directedbyWilliam Kennedy Laurie Dickson, released in1894.

Synopsis or Argument

Shooting champion Annie Oakley , invited at 24 by Thomas Edison in the first movie studio , Black Maria , in Orange, New Jersey , performs a quick sports shooting demonstration on glass balls hung on a rack. target, then seize another weapon, the first being unloaded, to shoot “pigeons” of clay.

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