Jean-Jacques Rousseau , born onin Souvret and died onin Montigny-le-Tilleul , is a Belgian director of independent cinema , self-proclaimed “filmmaker of the absurd” .
Defending a movie is limited budgets, from 2 000 to 2 500 € per film, with non-professional actors, it is, with some forty films made, one of the most prolific Belgian filmmakers 1 .
The elements on the private life of Jean-Jacques Rousseau are rare 2 , the filmmaker having carefully hidden everything related to it, so as not to let the media play with his image. He always appeared in public with a hood.
Nevertheless, it is known that he was born in Souvret , near Courcelles , on December 16, 1946 3 and that he was a bricklayer. After the distributors and operators of his region refused his films, Jean-Jacques Rousseau was a movie theater operator in order to project them and, in order to make the room profitable, it is not uncommon to see his own films. precede blockbusters .
Heir to the cinema forain 4 , located totally on the sidelines of the film markets, none of his films, made of odds and ends, was released in theaters but some festivals have occasionally organized very short retrospectives of his work. He is regularly invited to screen his films at the Brussels International Fantastic Film Festival . In 2011, the filmmaker was among the jury selection 7 th parallel of that same festival 5 .
His recognition by some personalities is palpable in different forms. Thus Jan Kounen welcomed him on the bonus of the DVD of 99 francs 6 , and he received the support of various personalities such as Noël Godin , Bouli Lanners , Benoit Poelvoorde 7 or Miss Ming 8 .
In 2004, Frédéric Sojcher directed Cinéastes at any price , documentary on the work of Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Max Naveaux and Jacques Hardy . The film, which affirms the particular position of the directors, appears in the official selection Out of Competition of the Cannes Film Festival .
If his style is frankly marginal, his tone marked by absurdity, surrealism and contestation, brings him closer to other original actors of Belgian cinema : Noël Godin , Jan Bucquoy , Frédéric Sojcher , Jean Louvet and Baudhuin Simon[ref . necessary] .
Three films from his last period were published on DVD: Irkutz 88 (2001) and Wallonie 2084 (2004) at Belfilm by Paul Geens 9 and Karminsky-Grad (2010) at Actes Belges 10 .
On July 15, 2014, after intervening in a coffee altercation in Courcelles , he was badly injured by a man who deliberately hit him in the street with his car 11 , 12 . In a coma, he died on November 5 at the hospital Montigny-le-Tilleul of his injuries 13 .
His work bears the mark of his self-taught status and testifies to the creation of a language specific to a filmmaker. Thus, it is by filming that he learns framing, lighting, sound, editing, post-synchronization, the direction of actors.
In the early 1980s, major themes began to emerge from his work. His frequent use of creatures of all kinds (mad scientists overwhelmed by their creations, secret societies, tortures, various curses, etc.) places him as an experimenter of the fantastic film of horror. Moreover, we also note a certain anchor in history, especially the two world wars, with industrial Wallonia with his past struggles and revolts 14 .
The work of Jean-Jacques Rousseau is intended to demonstrate that a disobedience to the economic and financial diktats of cinema is possible [ref. necessary] . It is also rising against the technical and aesthetic requirements of “professional” filmmakers. He filmed the Battle of Waterloo in his garden, or reconstructed the Battle of Yser with three actors and a cow. However, it is not reducible to a ” Ed Wood Belgian” 4 , to the extent that he is aware of the poverty of his means but assumes it and play as a way to emphasize its artistic will 15 .
“Tinkered with bits of string and a few pennies, these films carry, with continuous jets, recurring nightmares, inspired by these series B and Z of the fifties, mix with the artisanal sauce of what genre cinema could offer us worse. Because the films of Jean Jacques Rousseau are, at first, what we can imagine more heartbreaking. Produced by the cookie-cutter without bothering with a narrative coherence that would undoubtedly add to the story, played by amateurs who do not always know what they are doing there, they are at the auteur cinema, what the barbarian is the civilized, an insult and a threat 16 . “
– by Philippe Simon
- 1964 : The Strange History of Professor Igor Yaboutich
- 1965 : The cursed Dagger
- 1966 : The criminals
- 1966 : The Valley of the Sûre
- 1968 : The Abstract
- 1969 : The Nightmare
- 1972 : Germaine Grandier
- 1974 : The Companions of Justice
- 1975 : The Reposoir
- 1975 : The Immortals
- 1976 : Catalepsy
- 1977 : The Star of Evil
- 1977 : Reincarnation Record
- 1978 : The Marchers of the Grand Army
- 1978 : The Diabolical Doctor Flak
- 1983 : The History of Cinema 16
- 1988 : Cannes European Year of Cinema
- 1988 : Cine Effect
- 1996 : The internment of Karyl Chessman
- 1997 : Absurdus record
- 1999 : Furor Teutonicus ( Jean Delire is the assistant of Jean-Jacques Rousseau)
- 2001 : Irkutz 88 (alternative title: The Gulag of Terror)
- 2002 : Road Movie
- 2003 : Wallonia 2084
- 2004 : The Revenge of the Cannibalistic Sacristan
- 2005 : The hunter of succubes
- 2005 : The History of Cinema 16 II
- 2006 : The mechanics of the razor
- 2006 : The Invasion of Succubes
- 2007 : Rock Mendes
- 2007 : Fleeing the monsters
- 2007 : The Mistresses of Dr. Loiseau
- 2008 : The History of Cinema 16 III
- 2008 : Dr. Loiseau and his Sinistre Augures
- 2008 : The Return of Dr. Loiseau
- 2009 : A colonial among the Celts
- 2010 : Karminsky-Grad
- 2010 : Casanova Forever
- 2010 : The Walloon Amputator
- 2011 : The 1 st July at Olga
- 2013 : Dr. Loiseau: The final solution
- 2013 : The Couturier
Filmography of Jean-Jacques Rousseau and his work
- 1987: Night Cargo , portrait of Jean-Jacques Rousseau rebellious filmmaker , RTBF, 10 minutes 17 .
- 1997: The Eye of the Cyclone , A Belgian story , Canal + , 20 minutes. On Jean-Jacques Rousseau, amateur and eccentric Belgian filmmaker.
- 2004 : Filmmakers at all costs , Frédéric Sojcher . Documentary on the work of Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Max Naveaux and Jacques Hardy . Bouli Lanners , Noël Godin and Benoît Poelvoorde intervene. The film is in official selection at the 2004 Cannes Film Festival ; 66 minutes.
- 2008: Jean-Jacques Rousseau, filmmaker of the absurd , Collectif, Archimbaud-Klincksieck , Paris, 240 p 18 .
- 2009: What is a star today? , by NT Binh and Luc Dellisse , Retranscription of Debates, Editions du Rocher , Paris, 243 p 19 .
- 2012: Furor Absurdüs , by Maxime and Michel Pasque. Documentary based on a film shoot; 85 minutes 20 .
- History of Walloon cinema
- Belgian cinema
- Authority records : Virtual International Authority File • National Library of France ( data ) • University Documentation System
On other Wikimedia projects:
- Jean-Jacques Rousseau (filmmaker) , on Wikimedia Commons
- ( en ) Jean-Jacques Rousseau [ archive ] on the Internet Movie Database
- Official website [ archive ]
- Widescreen Interview: The Belgian Wood Ed [ archive ]
- Interview with Jean-Jacques Rousseau [ archive ]
Notes and references
- ↑ ” The filmmaker of the absurd Jean-Jacques Rousseau between life and death “, La Libre Belgique , ( read online [ archive ] )
- ↑ Official website [ archive ]
- ↑ Frantz Vaillant , ” Belgium: Jean-Jacques Rousseau died. Absurd! » [ Archive ] , on the website of TV5 Monde,
- ↑ a and b David Ramasseul , ” Death of the director of the absurd: End of shoot for Jean-Jacques Rousseau ,” Paris Match, ([Death% 20of% 20cinéaste% 20of% 20l’absurde% 20-% 20Clap% 20of% 20fin% 20for% 20Jean-Jacques% 20Rousseau read online])
- ↑ Awards BIFFF 2011 [ archive ]
- ↑ Presentation of the DVD on filmsactu [ archive ]
- ↑ Filmmaker film at all costs [ archive ]
- ↑ Article [ archive ] of Sud Presse
- ↑ http://www.belfilm.be/index.php?page=view_movie&id=66&page_no=3 [ archive ]
- ↑ Card of the film Karminsky-Grad on the site of the Belgian collection Actes. [ archive ]
- ↑ Courcelles three people deliberately mowed, the filmmaker Jean-Jacques Rousseau [ archive ] , Le Soir ,
- ↑ Courcelles: three people, including filmmaker Jean-Jacques Rousseau, mowed voluntarily after an altercation at the cafe “Le Napoléon” [ archive ] – The Meuse ,
- ↑ Belgium: Jean-Jacques Rousseau died. Absurd! [ archive ] , by Frantz Vaillant , TV5 World ,
- ↑ see particular issue Preyat Marc, L’Hebdo , RTBF, 2000
- ↑ François André, ” Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Walloon filmmaker ” [ archive ] , on larevuetoudi.org ,(accessed April 8, 2015 ) .
- ↑ Philip Simon, ” Jean-Jacques Rousseau: Wallonia 2084 – Belfilm ” [ archive ] , on Cinergie , (accessedMarch 17, 2016 ) .
- ↑ Report visible online on the site of SONUMA, Belgian audiovisual archives. [ archive ]
- ↑ Book details on the website of the publisher Archimbaud-Klincksieck [ archive ]
- ↑ Sheet of the book on the site of the Master Pro Ciné Sorbonne. [ archive ]
- ↑ Film file on the website of the producer Left Field Ventures [ archive ]