The Mask and the Plume is a radio program of France Inter created in 1955 , presented since 1989 by Jérôme Garcin and diffused every Sunday from 20 h 05 to 21 h. This issue is devoted to criticism of the books or to parts theater or at the cinema . Every Sunday, the theme of the show changes, with however a benefit for the cinema to which more hours are devoted. It is the oldest broadcast of the European media landscape still broadcast 1 .
This show is one of the oldest in French radio. It was created onby Michel Polac and François-Régis Bastide , merging two previous programs, one concerning the theater, the other the literature. It was broadcast from 1956 on Paris Inter , the ancestor of France Inter , and became the prototype of the cultural radio program for the general public. The cinema enters there from October 15th, 1957 . In 1960 , in response to an internal note from the ORTF management urging producers to reveal no signatories of the Manifesto 121 , the show is scuttled (after consultation debaters, Jean-Louis Bory, Guy Dumur , Alain Bosquet ) by one of the days of entertainment, the writer Jérôme Peignot 2 , and is suspended for six months 3 .
Michel Polac left the show in 1970 . In 1982 , Pierre Bouteiller took the direction of the show in replacement of Bastide. The direct is privileged, but the interventions of the public little by little spread. The program gradually changes from two hours to one hour. Jérôme Garcin succeeds Pierre Bouteiller in 1989 .
For several years, the programs have been recorded at Studio 104 of the Maison de la Radio in Paris on Thursday evening. They are in “live conditions” without cuts or editing. However, the team may move to provincial cities like thein Orléans, where a program was recorded in the great cinema hall of les Carmes, or regularly in Lyon on the occasion of the Festival of Lights, of which France Inter is a partner.
In 2005 on the occasion of its 50 th anniversary, the show received the honor Laurier Radio, presented by audiovisual Paris Club 4 . More recently, Le Figaro highlights in 2013 the independence of critics of the Mask and their claimed subjectivity – not hesitating to “debunk the statues of the stars of the arts and letters” – the absence of a promotional approach and the participation of the public (through the mail read on the air at the beginning of each broadcast and any live interventions) 5 .
The show brings together about 580,000 listeners according to the study Médiamétrie 2008 6 – this very good score placing it “leader” of the radio media of this time slot on week-end 7 .
Critics of the Mask
Critics speaking at the Mask and the Pen in 2015 are marked with an asterisk. The press organ to which they belong, or belonged at the time of their participation in the program, is mentioned in parentheses.
Mask Audience Award
Every year since 1990 , at the initiative of Jérôme Garcin , the listeners of the Mask and the Plume are encouraged to nominate their best French and foreign film of the year 9 , 10 .
|Year||Best French Film Award||Director||Best Foreign Film Award||Director||Country|
|1990||The glory of my father||Yves Robert||Do not move, die and resurrect||Vitali Kanevski||Russia|
|1991||Van Gogh||Maurice Pialat||Urga||Nikita Mikhalkov||Russia|
|1992||Wild Nights||Cyril Collard||Husbands and wives||Woody Allen||United States|
|1993||Three Colors: Blue||Krzysztof Kieslowski Poland
||Mysterious Murder in Manhattan||Woody Allen||United States|
|1994||Wild Reeds||André Téchiné||Personal diary||Nanni Moretti||Italy|
|1995||Nelly and Monsieur Arnaud||Claude Sautet||Land and Freedom||Ken Loach||UK|
|1996||Captain Conan||Bertrand Tavernier||Breaking the Waves||Lars von Trier||Denmark|
|1997||Western||Manuel Poirier||The Virtuoses||Mark Herman||UK|
|1998||The dream life of angels||Erick Zonca||Life is Beautiful||Roberto Benigni||Italy|
|1999||traveling||Emmanuel Finkiel||All about my mother||Pedro Almodóvar||Spain|
|2000||Harry, a friend who wants you well
The taste of others
|In the Mood for Love||Wong Kar-wai||Hong Kong|
|2001||The fabulous destiny of Amelie Poulain||Jean-Pierre Jeunet||Mulholland Drive||David Lynch||United States|
|2002||To be and to Have||Nicolas Philibert||Speak with her
Man without the past
| Spain Finland
|2003||An Amazing Couple , After Life , and Caval||trilogy of Lucas Belvaux Belgium
||Our best years||Marco Tullio Giordana||Italy|
|2004||The Dodge||Abdellatif Kechiche France – Tunisia
||Lost in Translation||Sofia Coppola||United States|
|2005||The Beat That My Heart Skipped||Jacques Audiard||Million Dollar Baby||Clint Eastwood||United States|
|2006||Lady Chatterley||Pascale Ferran||Volver||Pedro Almodóvar||Spain|
|2007||Persepolis||Vincent Paronnaud and Marjane Satrapi||The lives of others||Florian Henckel von Donnersmarck||Germany|
|2008||A Christmas tale||Arnaud Desplechin||Waltz with Bachir||Ari Folman||Israel|
|2009||a prophet||Jacques Audiard||Gran Torino||Clint Eastwood||United States|
|2010||men and gods||Xavier Beauvois||The Ghost Writer||Roman Polanski||franco – germano – british|
|2011||The State Exercise||Pierre Schoeller||A separation||Asghar Farhadi||Iran|
|2012||A few hours of spring||Stéphane Brizé||Moonrise Kingdom||Wes Anderson||United States|
|2013||The Life of Adele||Abdellatif Kechiche France – Tunisia
The Great Bellezza
| United States Italy
|2014||The fighters||Thomas Cailley||Mommy||Xavier Dolan||Canada|
|2015||Three memories of my youth||Arnaud Desplechin||Mustang||Deniz Gamze Ergüven||franco – germano – turkish|
|2016||Frantz||François Ozon||Me, Daniel Blake||Ken Loach||UK|
The musical indicative of the credits of the Masque is “La Fileuse” ( Romance without lyrics in C major , opus 67, n ° 4) by Félix Mendelssohn , by Daniel Barenboïm (DG) 11 . This musical excerpt was chosen by François-Régis Bastide after the suicide of Bory because its melody reminded him of the missing journalist 12 . The peculiarity of the credits is that the announcement of the title of the show by Jerome Garcin is not recorded, the latter announcing itself for each program, on the musical theme of “Mask”.
Notes and references
- ↑ The 60 years of “Mask and feather” [ archive ] Presentation of the special issue 60
- ↑ ” remue.net: Jerome Peignot (2/6) ” [ archive ] , on remue.net (accessedFebruary 21, 2016 )
- ↑ Sophie Grassin, ” The mask and feathers ” [ archive ] , on the Express.fr, (accessed February 21, 2016 )
- ↑ “Radio Nova – Laurels for Jean-François Bizot” [ archive ] , RadioActu , March 29, 2006.
- ↑ Blaise Chabalier, Muriel Frat and Constance Jamet, ‘Culture: classical and modern “, in Le Figaro , insert” Culture “, Thursday, November 7, 2013, p. 35 .
- ↑ The Mask and the Feather, France Inter, 7/12/2008
- ↑ France Inter: “We are leaders in the crossroads of info” [ archive ] on the site OZAP.com
- ↑ In shows on the theater, we can also hear from time to time André Degaine who intervenes in the audience
- ↑ ” The price of the film of the listeners of the Mask and the Pen ” [ archive ] , on France Inter
- ↑ ” Price of the listeners of the Mask and the Pen ” [ archive ] , on France Inter ,
- ↑ Code: image and sound [ archive ] The Mask and the Pen, issue of November 25, 2010.
- ↑ History [ archive ] issuance Mask and Feather on the site of France Inter .