The Ambrosio Film is an active Italian film house during the mute period . It was among the first houses in the world specialized in film production and probably the first of its kind in Italy.
Founded in Turin by Arturo Ambrosio and Alfredo Gandolfi in 1906 under the name Ambrosio & C. , the company began its activities in the production of documentaries . during its first months of operation the company realized a significant volume of production and Ambrosio acquired a projection room at Catania Street. That same year, she also directed several fiction films including the melodrama: The Roman of an abandoned child (Il romanzo di der derelitto) (directed by Roberto Omegna , and with Luigi Maggi for an interpreter).
In 1907 the company took the name Società anonima Ambrosio and became known simply as Ambrosio Film .
Between 1909 and 1918 , she responded to the French “film d’art” by launching the “Golden Series” , which included films such as Les Noces d’Or or Nero .
Since 1910 the Ambrosio Film expands its production with comic films Spaniard Marcel Perez , and launched the production of short films comic series valve in response to its competitor Itala Film that had hired the famous French comedian André Deed . In 1911 Ambrosio Film won the first prize in the film competition organized at the Turin International Exhibition for his film Les Noces d’or directed by Luigi Maggi . During this period, Ambrosio FilmIt was able to establish its presence internationally, exporting its films to Europe, the United States and even Russia, a market that was also home to Pathé and Gaumont . As early as 1909 she had sent her operator Giovanni Vitrotti, who shot a few films and helped launch Russian film production.
During the 1910s and 1920s many film personalities worked with Ambrosio Film , including: Roberto Omegna , Luigi Maggi , Ernesto Vaser , Alberto Capozzi , Alberto Collo , Ernesto Maria Pasquali (who later founded own production company, the Pasquali Film ), Mario Caserini , Stefano Vitale , Eleuterio Rodolfi , Febo Mari , Mario Bonnard , such actresses as Mary Cleo Tarlarini, Mirra Principi , Lydia De Roberti , Gigetta Morano , Helena Makowska , Maria Caserini , Fernanda Pouget Negri , Marcella Albani , Tatiana Pavlova and many others. Various personalities of the Italian cultural scene collaborated, such as the journalist Arrigo Frusta , who signed several scripts , or Gabriele D’Annunzio .
In 1919 the Ambrosio Film entered the Italian Film Union and from 1920 it established close links with the company Officine Meccaniche Zanotta of Milan , with which it produced some films under the brand Ambrosio-Zanetta . In the early 1920s the Ambrosio Film was severely affected by the crisis in the film industry caused by the First World War , she tried to revive its activities with the creation of costly international productions like Teodora (1919) and La nave(1921), which ruined it even more, and society closed in 1924 .
Between 1906 and 1924 the Ambrosio Film has produced over 1300 films ( documentaries , comedies , dramas and historical films ), especially The Last Days of Pompeii ( 1908 ).
- 1908 : The Last Days of Pompeii by Luigi Maggi and Arturo Ambrosio
- 1914 : He dottor Antonio d ‘ Eleuterio Rodolfi
- 1916 : The isola tenebrosa by Carlo Campogalliani
- 1918 : Attila de Febo Mari
- Arturo Ambrosio
- Edoardo Bencivenga
- Edoardo Bosio
- Carlo Campogalliani
- Alberto Capozzi
- Mario Caserini
- Arrigo Frusta
- Luigi Maggi
- Febo Mari
- Roberto Omegna
- Ernesto Pasquali
- Marcel Perez
- Giuseppe Pinto
- Eleuterio Rodolfi
- Giovanni Vitrotti
- ( it ) D. De Gregorio, Nascita e della della Ambrosio Film (article of the magazine Bianco e Nero , numbers 1-2, 1963), Centro Sperimentale di Cinematografia.
- ( it ) A. Bernardini, Cinema muto italiano: Industria e organizazione dello spettacolo, 1905-1909 , Bari, Laterza, 1980.
- ( it ) P. Bertetto, G. Rondolino, Cabiria e il suo tempo , Turin, Editore Museo nazionale del cinema, 1998, ( ISBN 8880331256 ) .
- ( it ) GP Brunetta, Storia del cinema italiano: il cinema muto 1895-1929 , Editori riuniti, 2001, ( ISBN 8835950457 ) .
- ( It ) E. Giacovelli, A secolo di cinema italiano, 1900-1999: tile origini agli anni Sessanta , Turin, Lindau, 2002 ( ISBN 8871804120 ) .