the Fukuhōdō ( 福宝堂? ) is a Japanese film production company, active in the early years of the history of cinema in Japan.
The Fukuhōdō was founded in 1910 when Kenzō Tabata built a chain of cinemas permanent in Tokyo 1 . To provide these eight rooms, Tabata creates a production department, with a shooting studio located in the Nippori district of Arakawa 1 , 2 . The company is also enjoying tremendous success with the importation of French films from the Zigomar series that “have a major impact on Japanese film culture” 3 .
Fukuhōdō is one of Japan’s leading production companies until 1912 when it merged with Yoshizawa Shōten , Yokota Shōkai and Mr. Pathe to form Nikkatsu . Some employees of the Fukuhōdō not involved in the merger, as Kisaburo Kobayashi for example, create later Tenkatsu 4 operating system Kinemacolor acquired before the merger but hidden Nikkatsu 5 . The National Film Center of the Tokyo Museum of Modern Art is now home to the first Fukuhōdō Hall, the Daiichi Fukuhōkan, in the Kyōbashi district ofChūō-ku 6 .
Notes and references
- ↑ a and b ( in ) Hiroshi Komatsu , Encyclopedia of Early Cinema , Routledge, ( ISBN 0-415-23440-9 ) , “Fukuhodo” , p. 261
- ↑ ( ja ) ” Eiga satsueijo no machi Arakawa ” , Arakawa monogatari (accessed May 16, 2011 ) [ archive ]
- ↑ ( in ) Aaron Gerow , Visions of Japanese Modernity , University of California Press,, 52 p. ( ISBN 978-0-520-25456-5 )
- ↑ Hiroshi Komatsu , ” From natural color to the pure motion picture drama: the meaning of Tenkatsu Company in the 1910s of Japanese movie history ,” Film History , vol. 7, n o 1,, p. 69-86
- ↑ Aaron Gerow , ” One print in the age of mechanical reproduction: the film industry and culture in 1910s Japan ” Screening the Past , n o 11, ( read online ) [ archive ]
- ↑ Yoshirō Irie , ” Nonfirumu: Shushu, fea yusu to akusesu ” Annual Report on THE GOOD PRACTICE , College of Arts and Sciences, Ritsumeikan University,, p. 7 ( read online ) [ archive ]