Mr Pathe

The Mr. Pate Shokai M ·パテー商会? ) Is a Japanese film production company, active in the early years of the history of cinema in Japan.

Background

The Mr. Pathe was founded in 1906 by Shokichi Umeya , businessman who first distributes films in Malaysia and Singapore and in Japan 1 . He takes the name “Mr Pathe” Pathé Frères French studios although his company has no official link with them 1 . Umeya builds a studio in Ōkubo in Shinjuku district of Tokyo 2 , and markets movies such as those featuring kabuki girls from Nakamura Kasen.

Ambitious entrepreneur, Umeya sends Antarctic operators to save shipping Nobu Shirase , thus creating one of the first feature-length documentaries from Japan 3 . He sets up high-class shows, with pretty openers and high prices 4while using his money to finance Sun Yat-sen and the Chinese Revolution of 1911 5 .

Fusion

It was at the instigation of Umeya that Yoshizawa Shōten the Yokota Shōkai and Fukuhōdō fuse with the M. Pathe to form the Nikkatsu in 1912 3 . His plan is to distance the difficult financial situation of Mr. Pathe creating a trust in imitation of the Motion Picture Patents Company 6 .

Notes and references

  1. ↑ a and b in ) Hiroshi Komatsu , Encyclopedia of Early Cinema , Routledge, ( ISBN  0-415-23440-9 ) , “Mr. Pathe ‘ , p.  404
  2. ↑ ( ja ) Sadao Suzuki , ”  Saijō Yaso to Shinjuku (2)  ”  [ archive ] , Shinjuku rekishi yomoyama-banashi , Shinjuku Hōjinkai (accessed May 16, 2011 )
  3. ↑ a and b Hajime Nagasaki , ”  Umeya Shōkichi  ”  [ archive ] , Asahi Shinbun Shuppan (accessed May 16, 2011 )
  4. ↑ ( in ) Joseph L. Anderson , The Japanese Film: Art and Industry , Princeton University Press,p.  28
  5. ↑ ( ja ) Ayano Kosaka , Kakumei or purodyushhita Nihonjin , Kodansha , ( ISBN  978-4-06-215883-1 )
  6. ↑ ( in ) Joseph L. Anderson , The Japanese Film: Art and Industry , Princeton University Press,p.  30

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