The Mr. Pate Shokai ( M ·パテー商会? ) Is a Japanese film production company, active in the early years of the history of cinema in Japan.
The Mr. Pathe was founded in 1906 by Shokichi Umeya , businessman who first distributes films in Malaysia and Singapore and in Japan 1 . He takes the name “Mr Pathe” Pathé Frères French studios although his company has no official link with them 1 . Umeya builds a studio in Ōkubo in Shinjuku district of Tokyo 2 , and markets movies such as those featuring kabuki girls from Nakamura Kasen.
Ambitious entrepreneur, Umeya sends Antarctic operators to save shipping Nobu Shirase , thus creating one of the first feature-length documentaries from Japan 3 . He sets up high-class shows, with pretty openers and high prices 4while using his money to finance Sun Yat-sen and the Chinese Revolution of 1911 5 .
It was at the instigation of Umeya that Yoshizawa Shōten the Yokota Shōkai and Fukuhōdō fuse with the M. Pathe to form the Nikkatsu in 1912 3 . His plan is to distance the difficult financial situation of Mr. Pathe creating a trust in imitation of the Motion Picture Patents Company 6 .
Notes and references
- ↑ a and b ( in ) Hiroshi Komatsu , Encyclopedia of Early Cinema , Routledge, ( ISBN 0-415-23440-9 ) , “Mr. Pathe ‘ , p. 404
- ↑ ( ja ) Sadao Suzuki , ” Saijō Yaso to Shinjuku (2) ” [ archive ] , Shinjuku rekishi yomoyama-banashi , Shinjuku Hōjinkai (accessed May 16, 2011 )
- ↑ a and b Hajime Nagasaki , ” Umeya Shōkichi ” [ archive ] , Asahi Shinbun Shuppan (accessed May 16, 2011 )
- ↑ ( in ) Joseph L. Anderson , The Japanese Film: Art and Industry , Princeton University Press,, p. 28
- ↑ ( ja ) Ayano Kosaka , Kakumei or purodyushhita Nihonjin , Kodansha , ( ISBN 978-4-06-215883-1 )
- ↑ ( in ) Joseph L. Anderson , The Japanese Film: Art and Industry , Princeton University Press,, p. 30