The Execution of Mary, Queen of Scots

The Execution of Mary, Queen of the Scots is an American film directed by Alfred Clark and filmed by William Heise , released in 1895 . It restores the beheading of Mary Stuart , Queen of Scotland , condemned for high treason to death by her cousin Elizabeth I re of England in 1587 .

The director and author of this film imagines and thus uses for the first time in the cinema a trick (or tricking) that is called camera stop , which will make the happiness of Georges Méliès . The American historian Charles Musser says of this film that he brings “a remarkable innovation to the cinema” 1 .

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Scenes of the Klondike Gold Rush

Gold Rush Scenes in the Klondike is an American film directed by Thomas Crahan & Robert K. Bonine , released in 1899 .

This film innovates in the usual course of a “documentary” film (this documentary appellation only appears from 1915) by putting several plans end to end .

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Sandow (movie, 1894)

Sandow , also known as The Souvenir Strip of the Edison Kinetoscope and also Sandow, the modern Hercules is an American film directed by William Kennedy Laurie Dickson, released in 1894 .


Eugen Sandow , whose real name is Friedrich Wilhelm Mueller, only wearing a little underpants (a daring outfit at that time) is showing off and stretching his muscles, face, profile, back.

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Princess Ali (movie, 1895)

Princess Ali ( Princess Ali ), sometimes named Princess Ali of Cairo , is an American film directed by William Kennedy Laurie Dickson , released in 1895 .

Synopsis or Argument

On the shelf of the first film studio , built by Thomas Edison in Orange, in New Jersey , Laurie Dickson, the first director of movies , records with Kinetograph a short performance of ” belly dancer ” Princess Ali, Member of the troupe of Barnum & Bailey Circus , accompanied by a bendir drummer and a Zorna blower in traditional Berberclothes (Amazigh).

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The Kiss (movie, 1896)

The Kiss ( Le Baiser ) is an American film directed by William Heise , released in 1896 .

It is considered the first representation of a kiss in the cinema. The scandal was enormous, the censored film and the leagues of virtue took advantage, on the other side of the Atlantic, to impose a first draft of a moral code for filmmakers and producers 1 . The Union of Christian Women for Temperance launched a national campaign against the kiss on the mouth, deeming it degrading and unhygienic 2 .

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The Sneeze of Fred Ott

The Sneezing Fred Ott ( Edison Kinetoscopic Record of a Sneeze or Fred Ott’s Sneeze ) is a film American directed in 1894 by William KL Dickson , with Fred Ott .

Produced by the Edison Manufacturing Company (also named in 1890: Studios Edison ), under the direction of William KL Dickson , the first director in history and one of the great pioneers of cinema , the film was shot in inside the Black Maria at Orange in New Jersey , who was the first movie studio to be built.

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Carmencita (movie)

Carmencita is an American film , directed by William Kennedy Laurie Dickson, released in 1894.


The dancer Carmencita , twirling, performs traditional fandango figures .

Technical sheet

    • Original title: Carmencita
    • Director: William KL Dickson
    • Image: William Heise
    • Duration: 29 s
    • Genre: Music hall
    • Format: 35 mm double set of four rectangular side perforations Edison by frame, black and white, silent
    • Production: Edison Manufacturing Company
    • Release date: 1894

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Bucking Broncho (movie, 1894)

Bucking Broncho is an American film directed by William Kennedy Laurie Dickson , released in 1894 . Bucking means: making leaps of sheep. Mexicans call Broncho the untamed horses.

This film is one of the first shots with the first vertical kinetic film camera, the kinetograph , 35 mm wide, two pairs of four perforations per frame 1 , designed by Dickson and William Heise from Thomas’s sketches Edison and prototype in which the film of 19 mm wide horizontal linear scrolling, six perforations at the bottom of the frame, with circular images, 12 mm in diameter, last souvenir of optical toys .

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Annie Oakley shooting at the Winchester

Annie Oakley, shooting at the Winchester ( Annie Oakley shooting glass balls ) is anAmerican film directedbyWilliam Kennedy Laurie Dickson, released in1894.

Synopsis or Argument

Shooting champion Annie Oakley , invited at 24 by Thomas Edison in the first movie studio , Black Maria , in Orange, New Jersey , performs a quick sports shooting demonstration on glass balls hung on a rack. target, then seize another weapon, the first being unloaded, to shoot “pigeons” of clay.

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